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耳目一新背单词

发表时间:2006年12月28日 来源:四六级考试网

1. af·flict vt.
折磨,使痛苦
〖构词法〗af- + flict(打击)
Although Janet was afflicted with a bad cold, she kept on working.
尽管受重感冒的折磨,珍妮特仍然坚持工作。

2. a·gen·da n.
日程,议程
〖同〗schedule
My agenda is quite full for the whole week, so I can't make an appointment with you.
我的这个星期的日程已经排得很满了,所以无法和你约会。

3. ag·gra·vate 使恶化,使加重
〖同〗worsen
〖构词法〗ag- + grav-(重)+ -ate (动词后缀)
Mary aggravated her injuries by refusing treatment.
拒绝治疗加重了玛丽的受的伤。
〖联想记忆〗
grave n. 墓穴,坟墓

4. ag·i·ta·tion 焦虑,不安
〖构词法〗-tion 名词后缀
He arrived home in a state of agitation after he quarreled with his boss.
在与老板吵架之后他充满了不安地回到家。

5. ag·o·ny n.
〖构词法〗-y 名词后缀
苦恼,极大的痛苦
The loss of their child filled them with agony.
孩子丢了使他们非常痛苦。

6. a·gree·able adj.
①(指计划等)使人愉快,合意的
〖同〗pleasing, acceptable
The plan was agreeable to everyone but Mary.
这项计划适合除了玛丽之外的所有人。
②容易相处的
Mr. Lau is an agreeable man with a kind smile.
刘先生是一个面带着善良微笑容易相处的人。
〖联想记忆〗
agreement n. 协议,一致
disagree v. 不一致,争执

7. al·i·en adj.
相异的,陌生的
〖同〗strange
When I first went to New York, it all felt very alien to me.
当我第一次去纽约的时候,纽约所有的一切对于我一来说都非常陌生。

8. al·lege vt.
(尤指无根据地)宣称,断言
Although he has no proof, this man alleges that Tom stole his watch.
尽管没有证据,这个人宣称汤姆偷了他的手表。

9. al·le·vi·ate vt.
〖构词法〗al- + lev(轻)+ iate (动词后缀)
减轻(痛苦等),缓和
〖同〗reduce, lighten
This medicine will alleviate your sore throat.
这种药会减轻你的嗓子痛。

10. al·loc·ate vt.
分配,分派
The federal government allocated millions of dollars for cancer research.
联邦政府拨款上百万美元用于癌症研究。
〖联想记忆〗
locate v. 定位,位于

自我检测

从以上10个单词中选出最适当的填入空格内

1. Cruelty is ________ to his kind nature.

2. During the Second World War, all important resources in the United States were ______ by the federal government.

3. The villagers in several mountainous areas are ________ by the worst poverty in the nation.

4. Listening to my neighbor practice the piano is an _______.

1. alien
2. allocated
3.afflicted
4.agony