1．deal in 从事….的买卖
例:John has been dealing in selling used cars for years.
cf. deal with 处理(问题)
例: That problem is hard to deal with.
2. for certain 确定地
例: Nobody knows for certain when John is coming back.
3. for instance 举例来说
= for example
例: John is versatile; for instance, he can play five different musical instruments.
※ versatile adj. 多才多艺的.
4. in a hurry 匆促,匆忙
=in a rush
例: You are likely to make mistakes if you do things in such a hurry.
注意: in a hurry, in a rush及in haste可作副词短语,修饰句中动词,如上. in a hurry及in a rush另可作形容词短语,置于be动词之后,作主语补语, in haste则无此用法.
例: He is in a hurry. (right)
=He is in a rush.
但: He is in haste. (wrong)
5. in one's life 一辈子,一生
例: Marrying you is the most significant thing I've ever done in my life.
6. make fun of 取笑
例：Stop making fun of him; he is a very serious person.
7. be of importance 重要
例:What he said is of great importance.
be + of +抽象名词
=be + 该名词衍生的形容词
例:It's of great value.
=It's quite valuable.
8. on board 搭乘
例: The plane had 200 passengers on board.
9. on business 出差
例:John is in Hongkong on business.
10． on hand 手头上
例：How much money do you have on hand?
11. pass away 去世
例：The old man passed away late last night.
12．stand by 支持，袖手旁观
例：Whatever happens, I will stand by you.
………………………………=back you up.
例：You can't just stand by and let him treat his dog like that.
13．with ease 轻松地
例： He handled the problem with ease.
14．worry about 担心
=be worried about
例： There's no reason why you should worry about him; he is quite competent.
15. ahead of 超前
例： Thanks to his help, we finished the work ahead of schedule.
16．at a glance 一眼
例：I recognized him at a glance.
17．at full speed 全速
例: The runner dashed toward the finish at full speed.
18．at the time 当时
= at that time
例：He was very busy at the time, so he didn't call me back.
19．by the time 到…时
例: By the time I arrived, the train had gone.
20. in effect 事实上
= in fact
= as a matter of fact
例: He is, in effect not the one you can trust.
21. in the long run 最后
例：That lazy guy played around all day. As expected, in the long run, he was fired.
22．make a mistake 犯错
= make an error
= make a blunder
例：Everyone makes a mistake every now and then.
* blunder n.错误，疏忽
23．make friend with… 与…交朋友
例: He is very helpful. No wonder everyone likes to make friends with him.
24. be of great use 有用的
= be very useful
例: It is of great use to study English.
= It is very useful to study English.
cf. be of no use 没用的.
例: It is of no use to ask him to help us.
=It is useless to ask him to help us.
25. the other day 前几天
= a couple of days ago
例: I ran into an old friend downtown the other day.
cf. someday 将来有一天
例: Take my advice and you'll be a success someday.
cf. someday/one day (过去,将来)有一天
例: I met him downtown one day.
例: The boy works very hard so I can tell he will get somewhere one day(= someday).
26．all(through) one's life 一辈子
例：She was busy all her life.
27．all the time 始终，一直
例：The businessman seems to be busy all the time.
28. as well as 以及；和
as well as可用来连接对等的单词、短语及从句，等于and.
例：She is charming as well as versatile.
例：He works in Beijing as well as in Tianjin every week.
例：He failed because he was lazy as well as because he had no friends to support him.
以as well as来连接两个主语时，动词始终随第一个主语而变化。
例：He as well as I is happy about the result.
= He no less than I is happy about the result.
29．because of + N 由于……
= owing to + N
= due to + N
= thanks to + N
例:Because of his timely help, I finally achieved success.
= Thanks to ………
例: Because of laziness, he ended up achieving nothing.
Thanks to laziness, he ended up achieving nothing. (wrong)
30. be likely to + V 有可能………
例: He is likely to come any time.
= It is likely that he will come any time.
31．be proud of 以……为荣
= take pride in
= pride oneself on
例: He is proud of his son.
32. carry out 实现;完成
例: It took him ten days to carry out the mission.
33. consist of 由……所组成的
= be composed of…
= be made up of…
例: Human life consists of a succession of small events.
* succession n. 一串
34. consist in 在于……
= lie in
例: Success consists in hard work.
35. deal with 处理
= cope with
例: He has no idea as to how to deal with this problem.
* deal with sb. 与某人交往
= associate with sb.例: You should be honest in dealing with people.
36．differ from 有别于
= be different from
例：Even though John and David are twins, They differ greatly(from each other) in personality.
= Even though John and David are twins, they are very different(from each other) in personality.
37．even if 即使
= even though
例：Even if he doesn't listen to you, you shouldn't find fault with.
38． for oneself 为自己
例：I'll keep this one for myself.
39．give up 放弃
例：He who gives up hope easily will never succeed.
40．had better + V 最好…
例: You had better not waste so much of your time on trifles.
41．intend to +V 有意要…;打算要…
= desire to +V
= plan to +V
例: Do you intend to be a politician?
42. more or less 多多少少;几乎
本短语多使用于more or less +adj.的用法
例: The job is more or less finished.
43. no doubt 毫无疑问地
例: No doubt you should be responsible for the result.
= Undoubtedly ……………………………………………
= Doubtlessly ……………………………………………
= Without doubt …………………………………………
本例句中的no doubt表面上虽然为名词短语,但事实上为一副词短语,等于undoubtedly, doubtlessly, without doubt. 使用时常置于句首,或置于句中.
例: He is no doubt a nice man.
44. no longer 不再…
= no more
例: John no longer lives here---he has moved to San Francisco.
=John lives here no more---he has moved to San Francisco.
= John does not live here anymore---he has moved to San Francisco.
= John does not live here any longer---he has moved to San Francisco.
A. 上列句式中, no longer可置于句尾、句中或句首，但置于句首须用倒装句式。
例：John no longer lives here.
= John lives here no longer.
= No longer does John live here.
例：John lives here no more.
=No more does John lives here.
例：John no more lives here. (wrong)
45. pay attention to 注意
= take notice of
= take note of
= attend to
例：A good student always pays attention to the teacher's lecture.
46、point out 指出
例：The teacher pointed out three mistakes in my article.
47、run into +人 与某人不期相遇
= bump into +人
= come across +人
= encounter +人
例：I ran into my uncle on the train.
48、search for 寻找，探寻
= look for
例：He was searching for a temporary lodging in the city.
* lodging n.临时住所
49、so far 到目前为止
例：How many countries have you visited so far?
= How many countries have you visited up to the present time?
= How many countries have you visited to date?
50、take care of 照顾
= look after
例：The poor old man has no one to take care of him.
51、take part in 参与
= participate in
例：While in college, John took part in many extra-curricular activities.
52、take place 发生；举行
例：The meeting took place as scheduled.
= The meeting occurred as scheduled.
= The meeting was held as scheduled.
例：Some thing terrible took place last night.
53、S +used to +V 以前曾…,过去曾经…
例: He used to live in the country but he is now a city dweller.
* dweller n.居民;用户
例: He is used to living in the country.
= He has accustomed himself to living in the country.
54. wait for 等待
例: Time and tide wait for no man.
55、would like to +V 想要…
= feel disposed to +V
= feel like to +Ving
例: I would like to take in a movie tonight.
= I feel disposed to take in a movie tonight.
= I feel like taking in a movie tonight.
take in 观赏
56、as a matter of fact 事实上
= in fact
例：John always tells the truth. As a matter of fact, he is a man of his word.
=John always tells the truth. In fact, he is a man of his word.
57、at present 目前
例：He is busy at present and can't speak to you.
58、be about to 即将
例：The principal is about to come at any time.
worthwhile to +V 做…是值得的
= it pays to +V[/size]
例: It is worthwhile to study English.
60、keep in touch with 与…保持联络
= keep in contact with
例: Once I get to America, I'll keep in touch with you.
be about to用在过去式时，注意下列句式的翻译：
was + about to + when引导的过去式从句
61、for a while 暂时
= for a moment
例: I was lost in thought for a while.
62、have to do with 与…有关
[size=3]= have something to do with
例: Success definitely has to do with hard work.
cf. have nothing to do with 与…无关
have a lot to do with 与…很有关
have a little to do with 与…有点关系
例: Evidence shows that he had nothing to do with the murder.
63、in the meantime 同时
例：You go check to stove; in the meantime, I'll go to the supermarket to buy some vegetables.
64、make an effort to +V 努力要…
= make an endeavor to +V
例:I'm sure Jennifer will make an effort to master English.
65、play a part in… 在…中扮演一个角色
= play a role in…
例: Hard work plays an important part in achieving success.
66、look into 调查
例:The police are still looking into the brutal murder.
67、look up 查（单词/电话号码）
例：If you don't understand the word, look it up in the dictionary.
=If you don't understand the word, consult the dictionary.
=If you don't understand the word, refer to the dictionary.
注意：look up 的宾语为"词"或"电话号码"，consult或refer的宾语为"词典"或"电话本"。
68、turn down 拒绝
例：He turned down my offer, which made me angry.
69、get off 下（公共汽车、火车、飞机）
例：We are going to get off at the next stop.
CF. get on 上车
凡表示可以在上面走动的交通工具,如公共汽车、火车、飞机等，上车用get on，下车用get off。但若无法在上面走动的交通工具，如car、taxi等，则上车用get into, 下车用get out of.
70、bring up 将…抚养长大
例: He was born in Tianjin but brought up in Beijing.
71、in person 亲自
例：I'll tell you the news in person rather than over the phone.
72、drop in on sb. 顺道拜访某人
例：We'll drop in on you when we're in town next time.
73、get to 抵达
= arrive at +小地方（车站、邮局…）
= arrive in +大地方（国家、城市…）
例：When you get to Tianjin, don't forget to give me a buzz. arrive in
74、put down 写下
= write down
= jot down
例： Put down your address before leaving.
75、go through 经历
例：John had gone through many hardships before he became what is he today.
76、go over 复习
例：He went over the lesson several times before the test.
77、take away 拿走
例：You should take away this trash; it's blocking the door.
78、fill in/out 填（表格）
例：Fill in the application form quickly.
79、go on with +N
= go on +Ving
= continue +Ving
例：He went on with his work as he talked to me.
= He went on doing his work as he talked to me.
= He continued doing his work as he talked to me.
80、be surer of +N 确信…
= be certain of +N
例: He was so sure of his promotion that he bought a new house.
81、all of a sudden 突然
= all at once
例：He burst out crying all of a sudden.
82、with all one's heart 某人全心全意地
= with one's heart and soul
例：He worked with all his heart to help the poor woman.
83、at any price 不惜任何代价
例：He vowed to attain the goal at any price.
84、At first,… 起先，…
例:At first, Peter and John didn't get along very well. In the end, they became best friends.
CF、in the end of… 最后…
85、at heart 内心
例：He is serious in appearance but kind at heart.
86、be angry with sb. 对某人生气
= be mad at sb
例：Mary's mother was angry with her for not doing her homework.
87、be tired from sth. 因某事累了
例：I was tired from all the work.
cf. be tired of 厌倦于…
例: I was tired of all the work.
88、on the phone 在电话中
例：John has been talking on the phone for two hours.
一些表示无线电器材的名词，如the telephone(phone), the radio, television等都习惯与介词on连用。
89、by nature 天生，本性
= by birth
例：He is stubborn by nature.
90、one after another 一个接着一个
例：Students came into the classroom one after another.