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不定式+BUT结构

发表时间:2006年12月28日 来源:四六级考试网

英语中but除了有转折意义“但是,可是”之外,还可以与不定代词构成固定结构,广泛应用于社会生活的各个方面。but此时是介词。

 

1allbutn.除了……外,都……

 

All but two of the members have now paid their taxes.除了2位成员外都纳了税。

The money has now been paid backall but a few pounds.除了几英镑之外,这笔钱全部回笼了。

 

2all but adj.几乎;差一点

 

He is all but blind.他几乎瞎了。

 

The work is all but finished.这活儿差一点儿就完成了。

 

3anything but n./adj.除了……外任何(物);根本不

 

I'll give you anything but this bike.除了这辆自行车,我什么都可以给你。

 

The task was anything but easy.这项任务根本不容易。

 

4nothing but n./inf.除了……以外,什么也不;只有;只不过

 

There's nothing for supper but a little piece of cheese.除了一小块干酪外,晚饭没什么可吃的了。

 

后接不定式时,nothing but可加带to的不定式,也可加不带to的不定式,但意思略有不同。试比较:

 

I did nothing but go home.我除了回家之外,别无办法。

 

I desired nothing but to go home.我只希望回家。

 

当句子的动词是do时,but后面的不定式通常不带 to;句子的动词是do以外的动词时,but后面的不定式通常要带to。如:

 

He did nothing but laugh.他只是笑。

 

I'm sure we had nothing to do but to fight the battle out.我确信我们只有战斗到底。

 

现在,让我们做几道题来巩固这些用法。

 

Fill in the blanks with the words given below

 

all butanything butnothing butnothing but to

 

1.—Tomcould you help me in the kitchen

 

 __________that

 

2They desire________enjoy the present moment

 

3I know the poem by heart________the last verse

 

4I've eaten _________bread and cheese since Sunday

 

5She did________complain the whole time she was here

 

6________he have gone

 

7He has_________finished the work

 

8It's _________ a joke

 

答案:1Anything but2nothing but to3all but4nothing but5nothing but6All but7all but8nothing but